Types of Cannabis
Cannabis strains are classified into three distinct groups: indica, sativa, and hybrid
Cannabis, also known as marijuana, has been used for medicinal and recreational purposes for thousands of years. In recent years, the legalization of cannabis for medical and recreational use has led to increased interest and research in the different types of cannabis strains available. Cannabis strains are typically classified into three distinct groups: indica, sativa, and hybrid. However, there are other less discussed types of cannabis as well, such as cannabis ruderalis and industrial hemp.
Indica strains are known for providing a physically sedating effect and are more suitable for relaxation. These strains are often found in countries like Nepal, Lebanon, Morocco, and Afghanistan. Indica is also known for containing a higher amount of resin, making it a stronger sedative. Indica strains are often used for medicinal purposes to treat symptoms such as chronic pain and insomnia.
Sativa strains, on the other hand, are known for providing an invigorating, uplifting cerebral effect that is more in line with physical activity. Sativa strains are usually found in places like India, Thailand, Nigeria, Mexico, and Colombia. Sativa dominant strains are higher in THC, the primary active ingredient in cannabis, which makes them less likely to be used for medicinal purposes but are still commonly used for recreational purposes.
Hybrid strains are a combination of both indica and sativa strains and usually fall somewhere in between the two on the sedative vs. stimulating spectrum. Hybrid strains can deliver the best of both worlds due to the fact that they are combinations of marijuana plants with different characteristics. Hybrid strains are often created by breeders to cater to a wider variety of user needs and can be used for both medicinal and recreational purposes.
Cannabis ruderalis is a less discussed type of marijuana that is more similar to indica in its properties. This plant is usually found growing in northern countries of the world and is rarely mentioned in studies because it has less of a psychological effect on the user. Industrial hemp, on the other hand, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial uses such as fiber and animal feed. Its growth in the USA ended with the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act, and according to the USDA, hemp has a low THC content and doesn’t produce a good product for medical marijuana use.
It is important to note that the main substances found in cannabis are THC and CBD. THC provides the medical marijuana user with more psychoactive effects which affect the brain more than the body. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a psychoactive substance that is more frequently used in medical marijuana. CBD can strengthen or weaken certain effects of THC and is often used to suppress the psychedelic effects, making it suitable for use as a medicinal form of marijuana.
In conclusion, understanding the different types of cannabis strains is essential for medicinal and recreational users alike. The effects of each strain can vary greatly, and it is important to consult with a professional or dispensary to determine the best strain for individual needs. With increased legalization and research, the cannabis industry is expected to continue to evolve and offer even more options for users.